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Stay safe on the web: A Brief Guide

Sudipto Das May 13, 2019

Many things have changed in the last few years: the transition we made from the 20th to the 21st century have seen phenomenal progress in the field of the internet and the computing power of electronic devices.

It now seems clear that only if you had been living under the rock, you can live without optical fibers, but for the rest of us, be it businesses or individuals, an internet connection has become a necessity rather than a luxury.

However, you must also remember that the web is above all a tool; a tool that can be used for better or worse.

If it can help to acquire objects difficult to find in physical stores, it is also the playground of cybercriminals. From pedophiles to piracy, the range is wide; The Internet has become a haven for crooks.

It's, therefore, easy to play into the hands of hackers and expose your sensitive data. With that in mind, we have come up with a complete guide to IT security that can help you stay relatively safe on the World Wide Web.

Web browsers used for surfing

It’s hard to imagine a sailor without a ship.

The very same principle is used when you are browsing the web: you need a web browser to move from one site to another. But let's take a quick look at some of the basics.

According to public statistics, the speed of the internet is increasing every year throughout Great Britain, following a pattern similar to that of other cities, then their suburbs and their industrial parks.

One of the most annoying side effects of this extra speed is that most web designers are taking advantage of it to clutter their pages with all kinds of photographs, videos, flash animations, cookies, spyware, advertising software, sound files, etc. This has slowed up the surfing experience considerably.

It may be a bit smoother in high-speed regions, but if you live in a place where the ADSL is still the norm, modern websites will load with the speed of a turtle.

No matter what your Internet speed is, you should know that everything you see on the screen is not all that is hidden in the site code.

Programming languages, code snippets, tags, HTML, PHP, etc. have made the Internet. And since every web browser’s an independent software, it interprets the code differently; therefore some site bugs only appear when you use Mozilla Firefox, but not on Google Chrome (and vice versa).

You will learn all about the different languages ​​and tags in your coding classes.

This means it is always an excellent idea to install two different browsers: if an http site does not load, you can always access it from another browser to see whether the problem persists or not.

As far as web browsers are concerned, you have many options. Each of them comes with advantages and disadvantages. So, make sure you read them up in detail before picking the best ones for your purpose.

Another thing to remember is that your friends and family will probably suggest a particular browser. That is completely okay, and there is no doubt that the information is trustworthy; but remember that some browsers are optimized to run on specific operating systems. For e.g., Windows doesn’t work like a Mac, a phone doesn’t function like a PC, the iOS doesn’t work like an Android.

Once you are aware of these differences, you can choose better between Safari, Google Chrome, Firefox, etc.

The working of an antivirus software

We come to doctors for a healthy body and mind, but there are also digital doctors: the antivirus software is designed to protect your hard drive from invasive alien elements.

Antiviruses work on the security of your computer.

Just like true virus research, computer viruses are combatted in labs where antivirus software developers do their best to combat them.

A digital platform is a set of titles, text, images and interactive tools, all stored on a connected server. To view, read and interact with them, this information needs to be downloaded to your computer.

This is not necessarily a bad thing. In the world of unicorns and princesses, this mode of operation would have been like a fairy tale. Unfortunately, this world is not so nice, and, in the hope of achieving something better, we are forced to deal with the bad guys.

Now we have the most diverse range of nefarious applications imaginable: spyware, trojans, malware, worms, keyloggers, rootkits, ransomware, and many more.

This list alone should be reason enough to install antivirus software on your personal or desktop computer. The best are justifiably expensive, but if you are on a budget, it is comparatively better to have a free solution.

Don’t forget firewall activation as well, especially if you are on Windows. An introductory computer course will help you find the right one for your Internet browser and show you how to install it.

Ubuntu and Mac users, as well as Android and iOS enthusiasts, do not run as much risk - but for how long? Digital attacks are increasing, even on Macbooks, iPads and other tablets: malware is on the rise!

How to practice internet hygiene and stay safe Online

You don’t want to left the door wide open when going on a two-week vacation; would you?

The same is true for the Internet: you need to know how to protect your information while surfing. The ideal solution is to automatically block digital intruders. But this is not enough. The main weak point of the chain is you.

Always be responsible and careful when surfing the internet. Many hoaxes and frauds are just simple tricks of trust. For example, you have probably received tons of phishing emails disguised as Amazon, Paypal. Never respond to these messages.

Protect yourself from spyware.

Spyware is everywhere - do what you can to protect yourself.

Be as careful as possible. Do not click on the links contained in an email, but manually enter the website in your browser (Amazon, Paypal, etc.) and log in from this location to check if the problem mentioned in the email is real. Do not click on shady promotional offers, do not sign up for all newsletters just because you want to visit a site (look for the cleverly hidden "X" button).

On social networks, avoid publishing personal information (especially if your password is the name of your child, inform potential burglars when you leave the house, or publish photos of your children and specify when or where s/he goes to school.

Protect your career, both present and future, by not publishing offensive or insulting comments or photos of yourself or friends in embarrassing situations. Remember, the internet never forgets.

How to stay safe on a public WiFi

Refer to the infographic below to know how to stay safe on the public WiFi.


  • Author:

    Sudipto Das.

  • Post:

    Content Head

  • Bio:

    Sudipto writes educational content periodically and backs it up with extensive research and relevant examples. He's an avid reader and a tech enthusiast at the same time with a little bit of “Arsenal Football Club” thrown in as well. He's got more than 5 years of experience in digital marketing, SEO and graphic designing.

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